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Trekking, Hiking and Walking

Trekking means a journey specially on foot, to hike through remote mountain areas , to make slow or arduous journey . It also can be incorporated with other outdoor sports,

such as rock climbing or backpacking. The word trek is derived from the Boer language (spoken by the Dutch settlers in South Africa), meaning a long, hard journey. The root of the word is Dutch ‘ trekken’ which means to pull or haul.

Hiking is the term used in United states and Canada for the long walk usually on countryside trails . Walking is more short word then hiking used for the shorter and general urban walks . in various parts of the world peoples makes the use of these terms according to their own culture . America and United Kingdom uses the word walking which is also used for hiking , trekking , New Zealand peoples used the term tramping for walking and hiking activities. whatever the term given for trekking , hiking , walking, rambling, tramping , all the forms of walking have health benefits .

There is no really big contradiction between Trekking and Hiking but still Few main different between Hiking and Trekking are as follows

1) Hiking is done in the manmade roads , trails, while trekking occurs in the multiple terrain as a means of transportation , adventure or the physical and mental challenge.
2) Hiking is taken as easy to moderate activity where as Trekking a hard one where use of maps, and other skills are used .
3) Hikers walk on the established routes trails where as Trekkers make their own route some time . but many hikers argue that hiking is just as strenuous and difficult as trekking
4) Hiking is short distant ,planned , organized activity where as Trekking is long and supports by porters , animals like horse, Donkey, Camel, Yak in Himalayas , porter,
5) backpacker during the Hiking carry their own kitchen stuffs food, clothing, safety gear etc where as in Trekking it is handled by the kitchen staffs who set up tents for the Trekkers .

Top 100 walks in world
Ranking Walk Name Country Region Beauty
1 Mount Kailash Kora China Tibet
2 Inca Trails Peru Cuzco/Inca Heartlands Area
3 Mustang Nepal
4 Petra Area Jordan Petra
5 The Dolomites Italy Dolomites
6 Cappadocia Turkey Cappadocia
7 Torajaland Indonesia Sulawesi
8 Drakensberg Escarpment South Africa Drakensberg
9 Source of the Ganges and Above India NW: Uttaranchal/Kumaon
10 Q'adisha Valley Lebanon
11 Annapurna Region Nepal Annapurna Region
12 Grand Canyon USA Southwest: Grand Canyon
13 South East Asian Hill Tribe Walks Cambodia/Laos/Myanmar/Thailand/Vietnam
14 Torres del Paine / Fitz Roy Massif Chile/Argentina
15 Wollo Highlands Ethiopia
16 Accursed Mountains (Albanian Alps) Albania
17 Great Wall China
18 Himalayan Far North Myanmar
19 Hunza Area Pakistan Hunza
20 Mount Athos Greece
21 Mt Meru Tanzania
22 Piatra Craiulai National Park * Romania Carpathian Mountains
23 Chandra Tal to Baralacha La * India NW:Himachal Pradesh
24 Gavarnie-Ordesa Circuit France/Spain Pyrenees
25 Hadrian's Wall Path UK England
26 Jebel Toubkal Area Morocco
27 Kinnaur Kailash India NW:Himachal Pradesh
28 Lofoten Islands Norway
29 Manaslu Circuit Nepal
30 Mani Mahesh Kailash India NW:Himachal Pradesh
31 Picos de Europa Spain Picos de Europa
31 Tibet's Monastery Koras China Tibet
33 Huangshan China
34 Rup Kund India NW: Uttaranchal/Garwhal
35 The Amalfi Coast Italy Amalfi Coast
36 Copper Canyon Mexico
37 Corsica (GR20 and others) France Corsica
38 Cotahuasi and Colca Canyons Peru
39 Gran Paradiso Italy Alps: Gran Paradiso
40 Illampu Circuit Bolivia
41 Jomolhari trek Bhutan
42 Kangchenjunga / Singalila India Sikkim and nearby 37
43 Kuari Pass (Curzon Trail) India NW: Uttaranchal/Garwhal
44 Markha Valley India Ladakh
45 Mont Blanc Area France Alps
46 Nanda Devi Area India
47 Pindos/Vikos Circuit Greece
48 Royal Trek Nepal Annapurna Region
49 Alpine Pass Route Switzerland
50 Cockpit Country Jamaica
51 Matterhorn Circuit Switzerland
52 Assynt Peninsula UK Scotland, Highlands
53 Blyde River Canyon * South Africa
54 Cadair Idris UK Wales, Snowdonia
55 Cairngorms UK Scotland, Cairngorms
56 Camino de Santiago Spain
57 Cinque Terre Italy
58 Dogon Country Mali
59 Dunottar UK Scotland
60 Eiger Trail Switzerland
61 French Pyrenees France Pyrenees
62 Hampta Pass India NW:Himachal Pradesh
63 Khatling Glacier India NW: Uttaranchal/Garwhal
64 Kumano Kodo Japan Kansai: Kii Peninsula
65 Monte Rosa Circuit Switzerland/Italy Alps
66 Mount Rinjani Indonesia Lombok
67 Shikoku Pilgrimage Japan Shikoku
68 Simien Mountains Ethiopia
69 Spanish Pyrenees Spain Pyrenees
70 The Arsenale to the Salute, Venice Italy
71 Tongariro Alpine Crossing New Zealand North Island
72 Upper Humla Valley Nepal
73 Altai Mountains Mongolia
74 Fiji Mountain Walk Fiji
75 Julian Alps Slovenia Julian Alps
76 Stubai Hohenweg Austria
77 Uluru (Ayers Rock) Australia
78 Walkers Haute Route (Chamonix to Zermatt) France/Switzerland
79 Angkor Cambodia
80 Around Yangshuo, Guilin China
81 Byron's Journey Albania
82 Canyonlands National Park USA SW: Canyonlands NP
83 Easter Island Chile
84 Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming USA Western: Grand Teton NP
85 Great Volcanic Ridge Spain Canary Islands: La Palma
86 Haraz Mountains Yemen
87 Iceberg/Hooker Glacier Lake New Zealand South Island
88 Indrahar Pass India NW:Himachal Pradesh
89 Las Canadas and El Tiede Spain Canary Islands: Tenerife 33
90 Malta Coastal walk Malta
91 Meteora Greece
92 Mount Sinai
93 Mt. Everest Region China Tibet
94 North-west Coast, Westray UK Scotland, Orkney Islands
95 Odessa Lake USA Western/Rocky Mountain NP
96 Overland Track Australia Tasmania
97 St Paul Trail Turkey
98 The Fugitives' Trail, Isandlwana to the Buffalo River South Africa
99 Tiger Leaping Gorge China Yunnan
100 Valley of the Flowers and Hem Kund India NW: Uttaranchal/Garwhal
Source (http://www.walkopedia.net/100-best.asp)

History of Trekking in Nepal
Nepal opened its border to foreigners in In 1949 & within eight years ten of the fourteen 8000m peaks had been climbed, Annapurna (8091m) was the first to be climbed in 1950, this was followed in 1953 by Everest (8848m) and Nanga Parbat (812m). Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary reached the top of the world, Mt. Everest in 1953. From then on the number of expeditions coming from many different countries of the world multiplied and by 1964 all these Himalayan giants had been climbed, one being Shisapangma (8046m) scaled by the Chinese in 1964. Sir Edmund Hillary stated “Nepal is the only country in the world which is also one of the world’s great trekking paradises and one of the nicest countries in the world for trekking.”

The history of trekking in Nepal started after climbing expeditions of many majestic peaks. Nepal began its career as a trekker’s paradise in 1949 when a British adventurer, Bill Tilman, managed to get permission from the King to make several treks into the Kali Gandaki, Helambu, and Everest regions. Another early visitor was Maurice Herzog, who led a French expedition to Annapurna in 1950.Trekking in Nepal really took off with the first expeditions to the base of Mount Everest; an American led expedition in 1950 and a British one in 1951.

Colonel Jimmy Roberts was the first person to realize that trekking would appeal to tourists. As a former Gurkha Officer and Military Attaché at the British Embassy in Kathmandu he had spent years of his life walking the hills of Nepal. He had accompanied Tilman on his first trek and in 1964 he founded Mountain Travel, the first of Nepal’s trekking companies and the inspiration for the adventure travel industry. His idea, revolutionary for the time, was to provide tents together with Sherpas, to guide and cook. This made Nepal and the Himalaya available to a wide community and was an immediate success.

Jimmy Roberts’ “Mountain Travel Trekking Agency” was the first trekking agency registered in Nepal in 1964, and it remained the only one for the next four years. His first clients came to do the Everest Trek in the early spring of 1965. They were three American ladies who , according to Jimmy Roberts , “were a sporting trio of enthusiasts”. He was later on joined by Dawa Norbu Sherpa and Mike Cheney to handle the work at “Mountain Travel”. His early foreign partners were Leo LeBon, Allen Steck and Barry Bishop from USA, and Australian Warwick Deacock of “Ausventure”. They regularly began to send clients from their country to trek in Nepal. And so “Mountain Travel” prospered and became an inspiration for other Nepalese tourism entrepreneurs to start their own trekking and adventure company.
Today one will find more trekkers then climbers in Nepal, because trekking is less physically taxing and one gets other experiences also apart from adventure.
Top 10 Trekking routes in Nepal

1) Everest Base Camp Trekking
2) Upper Mustang Trekking
3) Annapurna Circuit Trekking
4) Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking
5) Three Passes Trekking
6) Annapurna Base Camp Trekking
7) Upper Dolpa Trekking
8) Langtang Trekking
9) Ghorepani poonhill Trekking
10) Makalu Base Camp Trekking

Tags: Annapurna mountain, himalayan trekking, Everest Base Camp Trek, Manaslu circuit trek, Royal Trek , Ghorepani Punhill Trek, Annaurna Base Camp Trek , Chisapani Nagarkot trek